Notes to broadcasters
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Young people are the backbone of any nation’s future development. The 2010 Kenya census found that there are approximately six million youth (people between the ages of 18 to 35) of a total population of 38 million. Substance abuse increasingly threatens youth. A study by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime in April 2007 mapped over 12,000 heroine users and 103 drug dens in Nairobi and Kenya’s Coast Province.
NACADA (National Campaign Against Drug Abuse Authority) conducted a survey in 2007 that showed about 40% of Kenyans aged between 15 and 65 years have drunk one type of alcohol or another. It further says that alcohol is abused by 77% of youths out of school and 28% of youths in school. This means that youth in Kenya are at risk from related issues such as HIV infection. This is because alcohol abuse affects the functioning of the brain, leading to high risk behaviours such as sexual indulgence with a partner who may be infected, thus leading to HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections.
In an interview with a Kenyan newspaper, former NACADA Director, Joseph Kaguthi notes that substances that cause the greatest harm to the youth are those that are legally available, such as alcohol, and not the prohibited ones.
This script looks at a creative approach to the problem of drug abuse and poverty in Kibera slum. Pamoja Youth Foundation, a local community-based organization, has initiated an empowerment program that has trained youth in entrepreneurship and fostering peace.
Note that this script uses the terms “sex worker,” “sex work” and “sex trade” in place of “prostitute” and “prostitution.” These terms were coined because some felt that “prostitute” and “prostitution” stigmatized those persons who earn their living in these ways. As always, broadcasters should make their own choices on what language to use.
The script is based on actual interviews. You could use this script as inspiration to research and write a script on a similar topic in your area. Or you might choose to produce this script on your station, using voice actors to represent the speakers. If so, please make sure to tell your audience at the beginning of the program that the voices are those of actors, not the original people involved in the interviews.
ScriptFade up signature tune for 15 seconds and under
- Contributed by: Charles Kemboi, producer, Shine 103.1 FM. Daystar University student radio station
- Reviewed by: Busisiwe Ngcebetsha, Radio Trainer and Projects Manager, Media and Training Centre for Health, Cape Town, South Africa
- Interviews with Raphael Omondi, Director of Pamoja Youth Foundation and Joshua Sepipe, a youth living in Kibera slum, October 4th, 2010 in Kibera, Nairobi, Kenya.
- Interview with Akinyi Akumu, a young entrepreneur from Ayany, Kibera, in Nairobi on February 22nd, 2011.
NACADA (National Campaign Against Drug Abuse) Authority for a Drug Free Nation. Alcohol and Drug Abuse – Driving the HIV/AIDS Epidemic.
- John Osoro. In Order to Fight Drugs Effectively, We Need to Have All Information about Narcotics.Article published on 20th February 2011 in The Daily Nation at http://allafrica.com/stories/201102200144.html