Notes to broadcasters
Mangoes were introduced to Mali at the beginning of the 20th century. Mango farming has now been developing for years in the south of the country, in Sikasso and Koulikoro, regions with high agricultural potential. Mango is grown during the rainy season.
The post-harvest process for mango includes activities that can be classified into two categories: technical activities such as harvesting, sorting, washing, packaging/storage, and processing, and economic activities and issues such as transportation, marketing, quality control, nutrition, and extension.
For this radio script, three people were interviewed, including the expert Oumar Assarki, technical advisor for the mango value chain at the GIZ-led Green Innovation Center; Keletigui Berthe, mango producer and Chairman of the Local Union of Mango Producers’ Associations of Sikasso; and Halassane Kone, a second producer in the Sikasso region.
The expert and the farmers speak about the challenges they face in post-harvest mango activities, and the solutions to those challenges.
This script could serve as inspiration for a program on post-harvest mango activities on your station. If you decide to use it in your farming program, you could use voice actors or colleagues to represent the actual people interviewed for the script. If so, please inform your audience at the beginning of the program that these are the voices of voice actors and colleagues, and not those of the actual interviewees.
If you want to produce programs on post-harvest activities in mango, talk to mango farmers, experts, and other stakeholders in the agricultural value chain.
You could ask them the following questions, for example:
- What are the difficulties encountered in post-harvest activities?
- How can these difficulties be solved?
Estimated duration of the radio script with music, intro and extro: 20 minutes
Our expert Oumar Assarki and two mango farmers are going to enlighten us about the sector and all its post-harvest activities.
We will talk about the challenges related to post-harvest mango activities and how farmers can solve their problems.
Mr. Assarki, what are the difficulties encountered and solutions available related to the mango harvest?
The solutions to these problems include providing access to financing, equipment, and inputs, and providing support and locally available advice for actors in the mango value chain. This could include digital advice, and advice provided through social networks and radio.
Other solutions include promoting organic farming and agro-ecology, facilitating access to mechanization and renewable energy, and supporting those involved in the mango value chain to protect themselves against COVID-19.
These are compounded by the high cost of certification, the country’s lack of access to the sea, and the high cost of transportation.
Other difficulties include the poor access to and high cost of processing equipment and materials to create employment and added value, and lack of access to seasonal credit.
Mango products are stored in the packing centers and processing companies.
Also, it’s important to help export and processing companies to access seasonal credit, inputs, equipment, and materials.
Finally, we need to implement measures to adapt to climate change and strengthen business’ management skills.
Expanding organic farming can help improve food security among poor families in rural areas.
Also, technologies that are adapted to local needs and powered by renewable energy can be introduced: for example, using mango waste to make butane gas. Mango waste can also be placed in an environment without oxygen. This promotes the development of microorganisms that transform the waste into biogas after three days. But these technological innovations must be within the reach of small-scale mango producers.
Keletigui Berthe, what are the difficulties you encounter during the harvest and what solutions do you propose?
To remedy this, we need to train pickers in harvesting techniques, buy more mango harvesting crates, and seek funding to recruit more pickers. All this cannot be done without the support of the Malian government and financial partners.
We have to find other countries, besides France and Holland, which are less demanding. We are working to find other countries to which we will export mangoes.
One post-harvest challenge is that we do not have qualified people to do the harvesting, so we need to train these people in harvesting techniques. Also, we do not have sufficient cold rooms to store the mango crates, nor do we have enough crates to store the mangoes.
When it comes to sorting, we need to train people to identify the mangoes for washing because there are mangoes damaged by insects that are not sold, and which should be put aside. Finally, when it comes to processing, we need a factory.
What activities do you do after the harvest?
In Mali, the fact that there are no certifiers is another difficulty for mango exports. It is expensive to hire a certifier, but without one we cannot export mangoes, so it is a loss for us.
The other difficulty is access to fly control products, because to treat one hectare, you need 50,000 CFA francs ($90 US) and banks are not prepared to finance this. Flies create a marketing problem because if mangoes are bitten by flies, we cannot export them.
On that note, thank you to everyone and goodbye.
Contributed by: Aly Ibrahim, journalist in Gao, Mali
Reviewed by: Oumar Assarki, Centre d’Innovations Vertes (CIV), AFC/ECO Team for GIZ, Technical Advisor CVA Mango
Oumar Assarki, Centre d’Innovations Vertes (CIV), AFC/ECO team for GIZ, Mango CVA Technical Advisor
Keletigui Berthe, Producer and Chairman of the Mango Producers of Sikasso
Halassane Kone, Producer in Sikasso