Notes to broadcasters
Some forest fruits that we consume daily have been studied in depth in the laboratories of research centres and subsequently popularized by producers. This involves the domestication of forest fruits.
In prehistoric times, the plant-based food found in the wild did not much resemble the food that is currently on the market.
This script helps to understand the domestication of forest fruits and the subsequent increase in income for farmers. If you decide to present the script as part of your farmer program, you may wish to have actors perform it in place of the people interviewed for the script. In this case, please inform your audience at the beginning of the program that the voices are those of actors, not those of the participants.
If you intend to broadcast programs on domesticating forest fruits to increase farmers’ incomes, talk to farmers, agronomists, and forest workers about this topic and ask them the following questions:
- What is the definition of forest fruit domestication?
- What is the purpose of domesticating a fruit?
- What forest fruit species have been domesticated in this area—or could be domesticated?
- Is fruit domestication a viable way of increasing farmers' income?
- Are there any specific practices that producers must follow in the production process?
Estimated length of radio script with music, intro and extro: 20 minutes.
Today with our guests, we will talk about how domestication has improved the food and nutritional aspects of the fruit called Gola or jujube (Ziziphus mauritiana), which can significantly improve the finances of farmers.
We speak first with Mr. Diatta Marone, Director of the National Forestry Research Centre or CNRF, a trained forester who was with the Institut Sénégalais de Recherches Agricoles for 20 years.
Secondly, we speak with Colonel Djibril Ba of the Water and Forestry Department who goes into the details of domestication. He explains how domestication has contributed to increasing profits from the local jujube tree with larger, healthier, and more delicious fruits.
Third, we speak with Mr. Alioune Fall who is a Gola producer. With 30 Gola trees in his field, he can harvest up to two tons of fruit each year.
Finally, Mr. Alioune Fall shares the techniques he uses to address the difficulties of growing Gola.
We start with Mr. Marone.
Mr. Marone, thank you for accepting our invitation.
Today, many other varieties have emerged from this process of varietal improvement, and in many cases, more than 90% of these varieties are not propagated by seed.
In the case of Gola, the rootstock is very strong, meaning that it adapts well to stress. This explains the high success rate of the plants distributed to producers. It is a variety that has adapted well to local conditions. So when you use the local variety as a rootstock, it is already well-adapted to the agroclimatic conditions of our arid areas.
Maturation is fast. Three years after planting, you can start harvesting the fruit.
Djibril Ba is a colonel in the Ministry of Water and Forestry. He’s also an agricultural engineer, and he’s with us to talk about some of the key points of domestication.
Good morning, colonel.
Alioune Fall is a fruit tree producer in the Region of Saint Louis, in northern Senegal. Mr. Fall has 30 Gola trees on his two-hectare farm, located in the village of Rao, in the commune of Gandon. Hello, Mr. Fall.
After my retirement from ISRA in 2009, I started to grow trees. This was how I set up my two-hectare farm, which I callRanch Gougna.
Farmers can also get the already grafted plants directly from the research centres and plant them directly in their fields.
In other words, three or even four months before the start of the rainy season, the Gola jujube trees lose their foliage. You must then prune the dead wood must then be pruned before the tree flowers, which starts a month later. When the fruits start to appear, I spray them with a natural insecticide. There are many, but I use neem oil. Once every 21 days, I apply neem oil on the fruits and continue this until one month before the harvest. The treatment lasts for about two months each year. And the fruits are harvested between December and January.
Dear listeners, we are at the end of our program and we would like to thank you for your attention.
And thank you to our guests who have made it possible for us to produce this program. A big thank you to the Director of the National Centre for Forestry Research, Mr. Diatta Marone, who clearly and in detail explained what the domestication of the local jujube tree involves and how this resulted in an improved species called Gola. Also in this program, Mr. Marone discussed how domestication has improved the food and nutritional aspects of the Gola, which can considerably improve producers’ finances.
And thank you to Colonel Djibril Ba who went over the details of domestication. He explained how domestication helps to get better profits from the local jujube tree with bigger, healthier, and more delicious fruits.
Finally, we would like to thank Mr. Alioune Fall who is a Gola producer. With 30 Gola trees in his field, he can harvest up to two tons of fruit every year. With a kilogram of Gola selling for between $1.29 and $1.61 US, he earns between $2,500 and $3,200 US each year. Better still, the trees produce a lot of fodder to feed his animals. Alioune Fall also revealed the techniques he uses to address the challenges of growing Gola.
Thank you, dear listeners, for tuning in to this program. We will be back soon with the next edition.
Contributed by: Yaye Moussou Traoré, journalist, writer for Rural Radio International
Mr. Djibril Ba, Agronomist and Forestry Expert, and Colonel of Water and Forestry of Senegal, January 04, 2022.
Mr. Diatta Marone, Forester and Director of the Centre National de Recherches forestières (CNRF), a branch of the Institut Sénégalais de Recherches Agricoles (ISRA) February 15, 2022.
Mr. Alioune Fall, fruit tree producer in the region of St. Louis, northern Senegal March 7, 2022, via WhatsApp.
This resource was produced with the financial support of the Government of Canada through Global Affairs Canada.