Notes to broadcasters
The fight against crop and harvest pests is complex and expensive. It requires significant human and material resources.
Agriculture is the basis of human development. In Mali, agriculture accounts for 43% of gross national income and 30% of export income. Three quarters of the work force is involved in farming. So the importance of agriculture in Mali’s economic development is obvious. However, considering the state of Mali’s agriculture, there is still a long way to go to achieve food security and self-sufficiency.
Farmers experience significant losses of cereal production every year. The causes are well known to farmers: unpredictable weather and attacks from all kinds of pests – mainly grain-eating birds, rodents and weeds.
This script is an actual interview with a female rice farmer from Mali. She talks about how she uses scarecrows and cassette tapes in her field in order to drive out bird pests.
This script is based on actual interviews. You could use this script as inspiration to research and write a script on a similar topic in your area. Or you might choose to produce this script on your station, using voice actors to represent the speakers. If so, please make sure to tell your audience at the beginning of the program that the voices are those of actors, not the original people involved in the interviews.
Assétou Sidibé, host
Kamboula Sakiliba, rice farmer
Lassana Sidibé, rice farmer Signature tune
Ms. Kamboula Sakiliba’s solution is to use statuettes and audio cassette tapes to protect her fields.
Traditionally, the fight against pests was carried out in different ways. Lassana Sidibé is a rice farmer. What were those methods, Mr. Sidibé?
Personally, I have never used this method. I use the scarecrows and the cassette tapes.
Dear listeners, we were in Kamboula Sakiliba’s field. She shared with us her experience with fighting bird pests in rice fields.
We thank you for your attention.
Good bye!Signature tune, then fade out
- Contributed by: Assétou Sidibé, Host/Producer at ORTM-Bamako in Mali, a Farm Radio International broadcasting partner.
- Reviewed by: Paul Van Mele, Program Leader, Learning and Innovation Systems/Africa Rice Center (AfricaRice).
- Translated by: Madzouka B. Kokolo, consultant.
- Dramane Tounkara, Radio Fanaka. AFRRI office (advice and data entry).
- Kamboula Sakiliba, rice farmer, interviewed on October 30th, in Kalban-Coro/Bamako.
- Lassana Sidibé, rice farmer, interviewed on October 30th in Kalban-Coro/Bamako.
Special thanks to the Commonwealth of Learning (COL), the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the Government of Canada through the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA), the Donner Canadian Foundation, the World Association of Community Radio Broadcasters (AMARC), Inter Press Service (IPS) Africa, and the Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA), for supporting the radio scriptwriting competition on smallholder farmer innovation.
- The daily newspaper Essor: www.essor.gov.ml/
- Site Office Riz de Ségou (Mali): http://officerizsegou.org/ORS3/accueil.html
- Site Office du Niger Ségou (Mali): http://www.anpe-mali.org/news/office-du-niger-segou