Notes to broadcasters
Information on this topic was requested by DCFRN Participants in Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mali, Peru, Philippines, Uganda and Venezuela.
It is suggested that, before using this information, you read the note at the end of the item concerning other related DCFRN items.
1. This is the first DCFRN item that has been entirely prepared from recorded material and notes sent in by a Network Participant. We hope that it will encourage more Participants to send us information in this way for use in future DCFRN Packages.
2. If you would like further information on the points raised in this item, you could write to the interviewee, Mr. Sarath Perera. His address is on page 1 of this transcript.
3. For maximum benefit to your audience, you might consider using the information in this item in association with information from one or more previous DCFRN items. They are:
“Thinning Carrots in Your Garden” – Package 8, item 1D.
“Vegetable Gardening” – Package 7
Item 2 (part 1 – “first steps”)
Item 3 (part 2 – “planting seeds in a garden and in a seedling bed”)
Item 4 (part 3 – “care of seedling plants in a seedling bed”)
Item 5 (part 4 – “transplanting seedling plants”)
“More Vegetables in Your Garden” – Package 3, item 9.
We at this radio station are part of a world-wide information network that gathers farming information from developing countries all over the world. It’s the Developing Countries Farm Radio Network, sponsored by the Canadian International Development Agency, Massey-Ferguson, and the University of Guelph.
Through this Network we bring you information on ways to increase food supplies for your family, or to sell — ways that other farmers have used successfully.
On this program today we have some very practical hints that you could try in your garden to increase the yield of such vegetables as tomatoes and eggplant or brinjals. Here’s George Atkins.
To start with, he has found that seedling vegetable plants will grow better in a seedling bed if the soil in the bed has something special mixed in with it. What he mixes in with the soil is half-burned rice husks (paddy husks)! Sarath told Sri Lankan farm broadcasters Hewavitharana and Sriskandarajah what he means by half burned rice husks.
Say you’re going to mix up 10 buckets of soil mixture for a small seedling bed. Here’s how to make it.
* 4 buckets of good topsoil
* 4 buckets of good compost and
* 2 buckets of half-burned rice husks
And now, he has a special hint about how to handle young seedling tomato plants when you are transplanting them from the seedling bed to your garden.
by the stems when he was transplanting them. When the tomatoes were ready to pick, the plants he had held by the stems didn’t produce as many good tomatoes as the others he had held only by the leaves.
So now you know why Sarath says not ever to hold your young tomato plants by the stems.
But now, what about the place where you will be planting your young seedling plants? Sarath says that tomato and eggplants will grow better and they’ll yield more if the soil you plant them in is good soil and well cultivated, quite deep.
There are a lot of advantages:
* for one thing, often irrigation is not necessary,
* and another thing, the root system can take up all the nutrients from the deep soil — this has helped in increasing yield.
This is not only for tomatoes. Also for brinjals that some people call eggplant. Eggplant also has a very good root system. So when growing eggplant it will be the same thing and you’ll get very good results by planting them in very deep soil with compost mixed well with the soil so the root system can develop very deep into the soil.
Our thanks to farm broadcasters Hewavitharana and Sriskandarajah in Sri Lanka for getting that information for us.
Serving “Agriculture, the Basic Industry”, this is George Atkins.
Interviewers: Sunil Hewavitharana, Assistant Director of Agriculture, Farm Broadcasting Service, Dept. of Agriculture, P.O. Box 636, Colombo 5, Sri Lanka.
Sris Sriskandarajah, Agricultural Officer, Farm Broadcasting Service, Department of Agriculture, P.O. Box 636, Colombo 5, Sri Lanka.
Interviewee: Sarath Perera, Instructor, Agricultural Training Institute, Bandarawela, Sri Lanka.