Notes to broadcasters
Information on this topic was requested by DCFRN Participants in Bolivia, Brazil, Cameroon, Colombia, Ecuador, Guatemala, Haiti, India, Kenya, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Senegal, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Uruguay.
It is suggested that, before using this information, you read the notes at the end of the item concerning other related DCFRN items.
1. This item (Item 2) is the second of three items in this Package on the subject of farmers planting trees.
2. Before using the information in this item, please read it over carefully. If seedling trees are available to the farmers you serve, from a local forestry agency, you may decide only to use some of the information in this item. For the same reason, information in Item 3 may not be relevant to your farmers. If it is relevant, however, please use these items in the correct numerical sequence.
We at this radio station are part of a world-wide information network that gathers farming information from developing countries all over the world. It’s the Developing Countries Farm Radio network, sponsored by the Canadian International Development Agency, Massey-Ferguson and the University of Guelph.
Through this network we bring you information on ways to increase food supplies for your family, or to sell — ways that other farmers have used successfully.
Today, let’s talk about planting trees — the first things to think about. Here’s George Atkins.
Of course, wood comes from trees, so really farmers need trees. — And think of all the other reasons for having trees around. Many trees produce fruits, nuts and leaves for food; they provide fibres, oils and liquids of different kinds. Tree roots underground and leaves on top of the ground prevent soil erosion, and trees provide shade, shelter and beauty. Those are just some of the reasons why you may have decided you want to plant some trees where there aren’t any now, or to replace some that you have cut down.
So what kind of trees should you think of planting? If there’s a forestry or tree planting service in your area, their extension people will advise you and may even supply you with seedling trees. If there is no such service, it would be best to plant the kinds of trees that grow naturally in your part of the country.
You’ll be planting young trees; and remember, they’ll grow up to be big trees, so before you plant them, look at full grown ones of the same kind nearby to see how big they’ll get. If you do that you won’t be planting them in the wrong place. For instance, you might not want a great big tree right next to your vegetable garden that would prevent the sun from shining on your garden, but you might want one or more trees
planted by your house to shade it from the hot sun or protect it from strong winds.
But what about the trees you will be planting? If you can’t get seedling trees from a local forestry agency, two agroforesters, David Coyle and Andy Kenney, may have some good advice for you. They both worked at Kanye in Botswana, and when I met them I asked Andy if a farmer like you could get seedling trees in a wooded area where young trees are already growing. Here’s what he said:
There are, of course, other aspects such as — who owns those trees. You don’t want to be taking trees to transplant that you have no right to take. But, assuming that the trees are available to you, — that’s a very good way of getting trees to plant.
Then there are other kinds of trees that are also easy to get started. You probably know of the kinds that will grow from a short piece of wood cut from the end of a branch that you just stick into the moist ground 10 or 12 centimetres (4 or 5 inches) deep. David mentioned how long these pieces should be.
Now, you might want to plant the seeds as soon as you’ve gathered them. If you do that, they may not grow right away. Why?
So now you know that because the seeds of different trees are different, you’ll have to try out different ways to get them to start sprouting.
Serving “Agriculture, the Basic Industry”, this is George Atkins.
Interviewees: David Coyle, c/o Kantor Bappeda II, Watampone, Kabupaten Bone, Sulawesi Selatan, Indonesia.
Andy Kenney, c/o Department of Environmental
Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario
N1G 2W1, Canada.
* For Information Sources see Notes of Item 1D.