Notes to broadcasters
The presence of HIV/AIDS increases women’s work in many ways. If their husbands have died, women must take on additional farm work. Many women also take care of orphans or other family members who have been left homeless. They might also be caring for someone with the chronic illness at home. There are always funerals and community events to plan and attend – and all of these take time.
The following short spots show that if women replace their cooking fire or three-stone stove with a more efficient cookstove that burns less wood, they will not have to spend so much time each day collecting firewood. More efficient cookstoves mean less work for women.
There are different types of improved cookstoves. They can be made of clay, dried mud, or metal. They might burn firewood, dung, charcoal, or coal. In some African countries the cookstoves are made and sold by women’s collectives like Maendeleo ya Wanawake or by Jua Kali groups. Some common cookstove names are, “Anagi,” “Lorena” and “Magan Chulha.” In many African countries the “Kenya Ceramic Jiko,” “Kuni Mbili” and “Upesi” cookstoves are popular.
Before you play these spots you may want to find out which cookstove alternatives are available in your area, where they are sold, and the price. Then you can incorporate this information into each spot.
Spot #1: Improved cookstoves will help Wangari Maathai protect the environment
Maathai has worked hard alongside farmers and villagers to protect forests and plant millions of new trees in Kenya and all over Africa.
The open cooking fires in our area burn a lot of firewood just to cook the day’s meals. We are using our trees faster than they can grow up again, without thinking about the future.
But by replacing our cooking fires with new improved cookstoves that burn less wood, we can help Wangari Maathai protect the forests and conserve our fuelwood.
To learn more about these improved cookstoves, contact [Name and contact information of organization or individual].
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Spot #2: Spend less time gathering wood with an improved cookstoveSOUNDS OF GATE SQUEAKING, CHICKENS CLUCKING. SOUND OF FOOTSTEPS.
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Spot #3: A healthier home with less smoke
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Spot #4: More efficient cookstoves make less work for women
SOUND OF WOMEN SINGING ABOUT THEIR WORK.
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Organizations with expertise in alternative energy sources, including improved cookstove technology
PO Box 39493
Tel: 00 254 20 2719313
Fax: 00 254 20 2710083
Contact Daniel Theuri: firstname.lastname@example.org
PO Box 20553
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Tel: +251 1 613395
PO Box 994
Tel: +256 41 285679
Fax: +256 41 348897
Contact Arthur Mugyenzi: email@example.com
PO Box 28201
Tel: +254 2 535 997/8
Fax: +254 2 540 447
Contact: Charles Gitundu: firstname.lastname@example.org
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- Contributed by Quade Hermann, Toronto, Canada.
- Reviewed by Dr. Alison Doig, Energy Campaigner, ITDG, UK.
- Bruce, N., R. Perez-Padilla, and R. Albalak. 2000. “Indoor air pollution in developing countries: a major environmental and public health challenge.” Bulletin of the World Health Organization: 78(9).
- “Improved Solid Biomass Burning Cookstoves: A Development Manual.” Regional Wood Energy Development Programme in Asia. Field Document No. 44, 1993.
- Kammen, Daniel M. “Cookstoves for the Developing World.” First published in Scientific American, 1995. Reprinted by the Energy and Resources Group, University of California at Berkeley.
- Khennas, Smail. “Stoves for Rural Livelihoods.” Technology for Sustainable Livelihoods (part of Intermediate Technology Development Group).
- Lobe, Jim. “Rights: African Feminist and Enviro Champion Takes Peace Prize.” Terraviva Europe, IPS. 11 October 2004.
- Mishra, V. “Gender aspects of indoor air pollution and health: an analysis of gender differentials in the effect of cooking smoke on acute respiratory infections in children.” Gender Analysis in Health, Claudia Garcia-Moreno and Rachel Snow (eds.). Geneva: World Health Organization.
- Mishra, V., et al. “Indoor Air Pollution: The Quiet Killer.” Asia-Pacific Issue: 63, October 2002.
- Smith, K.R. 2002. “Indoor air pollution in developing countries: recommendations for research.” Indoor Air 12: 1-7.