Notes to broadcasters
DCFRN Participants in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Cameroon, Colombia, Dominica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Haiti, India, Kenya, Malawi, Maldives, Mali, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Senegal, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Uruguay requested information on this topic.
Presenter: George Atkins
Interviewees: David Coyle, Andy Kenny.
Through this Network we bring you information on ways to increase food supplies for your family, or to sell—ways that other farmers have used successfully.
Today let’s talk some more about planting trees. Here’s George Atkins.
But where should you be planting these seedling trees?
This is a question I asked a forester, Andy Kenny.
You must remember that the area where you plant your trees is going to look quite different after the trees have grown up. So if you are going to plant them near a building or something that might get in the way when the trees get bigger, stand back and try to think of a tree growing in that spot that’s like the one you got the seeds from. Then plant your seedling away from any buildings or other structures so that when it grows up, it won’t be crowded.
So you’ll have to plant them in a suitable place depending on your reason for planting trees.
We suggested on an earlier program that the farmer should observe where the trees grow naturally. Well, this will help him in choosing where he will plant them. He should plant them in a place that’s similar to where the trees were growing from which he got the seeds. If those trees were growing on a ridge (on high ground) then he should plant on a similar ridge; or if the seeds came from trees in low wet land, then he should try to find a similar spot.
Now say a farmer has only 1/2 an acre (1/5 of a hectare) of land altogether and he or she has to grow food crops on that land. Here’s what David Coyle suggests.
How far apart should you plant them then?
Now let’s think about the soil where you’re planting your trees. Tree roots can easily grow in stony soil—they just grow around the rocks. And even if there’s solid rock below the surface—if the rock has cracks in it, roots will grow in the cracks.
But what if there’s solid rock with no cracks, and shallow soil on top? Is there anything we should consider about that?
If the soil has been well watered by the first rain and you expect that the rain is going to be fairly good, then you should plant after the first or second good rain in a dry area.
Serving Agriculture, the Basic Industry, this is George Atkins.
1. This item is one of a series on Planting Trees in DCFRN Packages 9 and 10:
Why Plant Trees? – Package 9, Item 10
Planting Trees – (Part 1 – First Steps) Package 9 Item 2
Planting Trees – (Part 2 – Growing Your Own Seedling Trees) Package 9, Item 3
Planting Trees – (Part 3 -Where and When to Plant Trees) Package 10, Item 4
Planting Trees – (Part 4 – Transplanting Seedling Trees) Package 10, Item 5
Planting Trees – (Part 5 – Care of Trees after Transplanting) Package 10, Item 6
The information in this series should be used in the correct sequence.
2. Before using the information in this item, please read it over carefully. Depending on whether or not seedling trees are available from a local tree grower or forestry agency to the farmers you serve, you might need to make some changes in the script to suit local circumstances.
3. In this item, it is suggested that a firebreak be made to protect a new plantation of trees. A full explanation of how this can be done is given in another DCFRN item which you might consider re-using in association with this item:
A Firebreak – DCFRN Package 6, Item 1B
Information sources for items 4, 5, and 6
Techniques and Plants for Tropical Subsistence Farms (56 pages), “Trees”, pages 33-39, by Franklin W. Martin and Ruth M. Ruberte, Agricultural Reviews and Manuals, ARM-S-8 July 1980, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Science and Education Administration, Washington, D.C. U.S.A. https://www.ars-grin.gov/may/documents/1980%20-%20Subsistence%20Farm.pdf
Additional sources of information
1. Reforestation in Arid Lands (248 pages), by V.C. Palmer, available from Volunteers in Technical Assistance (V.I.T.A.), Arlington, Virginia, U.S.A. Also available from Peace Corps, Information Collection and Exchange, Washington, D.C., U.S.A. https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED242563.pdf
2. Firewood Crops: Shrub and Tree Species for Energy Production Vols. 1 (236 pages) and 2 (92 pages), published by the National Academy of Sciences, available from BOSTID (JH-217D), National Research Council, Washington, D.C., U.S.A. Downloadable at https://www.nap.edu/catalog/21317/firewood-crops-shrub-and-tree-species-for-energy-production
3. Manual of Reforestation and Erosion Control for the Philippines (569 pages), GTZ series No. 22, compiled by H.J. Weidelt, published by the German Agency for Technical Cooperation (GTZ), Eschborn, West Germany. https://wocatpedia.net/wiki/File:GIZ_(1975)-_Manual_of_reforestation_and_erosion_control_for_the_Philippines,_full-version.pdf