Notes to broadcasters
Rice is a major crop in some parts of Nigeria, and the country is the second largest producer of rice in Africa.
In these spots, you will learn more about a variety of activities related to rice, including:
- Site selection
- Nursery activities
- Deep placement of fertilizer
- When to use selective and non-selective herbicides
- Pest and disease management
- Successful marketing
The spots vary in length from about 45-60 seconds and could be played multiple times during programs on rice production and marketing. They could also be played at other times when farmers are listening, especially during important times in the seasonal rice calendar.
Transplanting seedlings from a nursery improves the quality of your rice – and improves your yield!
There are three times during the season when farmers can use herbicides: when clearing land, before the crop emerges, and after the crop emerges.
Some herbicides are selective. That means they are effective at killing specific types of weeds, but don’t kill all weeds.
Other herbicides are non-selective. These herbicides kill all vegetation.
When you clear land, use non-selective herbicides.
When you use herbicides before or after the crop emerges, make sure to use selective herbicides to avoid damaging your crop.
Selective and non-selective herbicides. Make sure you use the right kind of herbicide at the right time!
Second, I remove all weeds and unwanted crops and feed them to my animals.
Third, I plant certified rice seeds that are tolerant or resistant to diseases.
Because I do all that, my pest and disease problems are not serious.
For easy storage, easy transportation, easy measuring and weighing. And to prevent pest damage, ensure good quality and fetch a better price!
Here are four important things to remember about bagging your rice:
First, grains must be well-dried before bagging. When you bite the grains between your teeth, they should break into two or more pieces and separate from the husk.
Second, bagged grains must be free from excess moisture. This will reduce disease.
Third, bags must be good quality, free from holes.
Fourth, whoever bags the rice should wear a face mask to avoid inhaling dust.
Bagging! It’s worth doing it right!
Now, here’s some important tips for getting the best price for your rice.
First, ensure that your rice meets market standards for cleanliness and that it’s exactly the variety that your buyer wants.
Second, handle the rice carefully to avoid contamination. This will help maintain a good price.
Third, explore all possible markets, especially selling as a group. Doing this homework will reduce the amount of time you waste with unsuccessful marketing.
Fourth: Sell with a group. Group sales mean that individual farmers spend less time looking for markets, and spend less on marketing.
Finally, monitor all possible means of communication to stay up-to-date on market prices and on markets where rice is particularly in demand.
Contributed by: Vijay Cuddeford, Managing editor, Farm Radio International
Reviewed by: Terna Yankyaa, Rice Value Chain Advisor, Green Innovation Centre for the Agriculture & Food Sector (GIAE), Nigeria, and Stephen Babajide, Agricultural Extension and Communication Adviser, AFC/GIAE, Nigeria
This resource was supported with the aid of a grant from the German Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development through Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit GmbH (GIZ) and its project “Green Innovation Center for the Agriculture and Food Sector” in Nigeria.