Notes to broadcasters
Information on this subject area was requested by DCFRN participants in Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Fiji, Ghana, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Honduras, India, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mexico, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Vanuatu, and Western Samoa.
Presenter: George Atkins
Interviewee: Jaime (Jimmy) M. Nones, Nueva Ecija Province, Philippines
Before using the information in this item, please read the notes at the end concerning related DCFRN items.
We at this radio station are part of a worldwide information network that gathers farming information from developing countries all over the world. It’s the Developing Countries Farm Radio Network, sponsored by the Canadian International Development Agency, Massey Ferguson, and the University of Guelph.
Through this Network, we bring you information on ways to increase food supplies for your family, or to sell—ways that other farmers have used successfully.
From time to time on this program, we talk about good uses for waste products that people usually throw away. For more on this subject, here’s George Atkins.
The first one is old motor oil that can’t be used in engines any more, so it’s usually thrown away. The second is the wood from old coconut trees. It’s not used much for fence posts or for buildings because it usually rots so quickly. But if you use these things—old motor oil and wood from old coconut trees together—you can have no-cost or at least very low-cost wood to use for posts or for temporary buildings that will last for a while.
To begin with, let’s talk about the coconut wood. I’m sure you know that when wood in the upper part of the coconut tree totally dries out, it’s quite porous so it’s not the strongest wood there is. The wood in the lower half is quite a bit stronger however.
Well if you’d like to use that wood for fence posts, building posts, beams, even for boards, there are ways of treating it that will make it last quite well for up to three years or more.
Jimmy Nones, who comes from a farm in Nueva Ecija Province in Philippines, says you could buy tar or pitch to protect that wood. But, he says, that would cost you money. If you could get old motor oil for little or no money, you could use that. Here’s more of what Jimmy told me:
Which is to say that the water has been generally displaced in the wood itself. I would say that you should saw the wood, then allow it to sun-dry for a week or two weeks—depending on the weather. If you live in a humid country, then more time should be allowed for it to sun-dry.
If you don’t dry it directly under the sun, it will take quite a number of months to dry out.
Serving Agriculture, the Basic Industry, this is George Atkins.
1. A major message in this item is that wood can be protected from insects such as wood-eating termites and some kinds of ants by using low-cost or no-cost used motor oil. There are other DCFRN items dealing with low-cost or no-cost methods of protection from damage done by insects that you might wish to re-use in association with this item. Information in some or all of them could well be used in a several-part series on low-cost/no-cost insect control. They are:
Some Farmers Control Insects Without Cost – DCFRN Package 1, Item 1
A Simple, but Effective Fly Trap – DCFRN Package 1, Item 8
Chickens Reduce Insects in Fruit – DCFRN Package 4, Item 9
Insects Die in Airtight Grain Storage – DCFRN Package 6, Item 8
Simple Solution to a Big Pest Problem – DCFRN Package 7, Item 9B
Knowing Insect Life Cycles Helps You Control Pests – DCFRN Package 10, Item 8
Preventing Insect Pest Damage to Crops – DCFRN Package 10, Item 9
A Light Trap for Insect Pests – DCFRN Package 11, Item 4
Raising Ducks in the Paddy Field – DCFRN Package 11, Item 5
Aphid Control at Little Cost, Part 1 – A Homemade Insecticide for Aphids – DCFRN Package 11, Item 6
Aphid Control at Little Cost, Part 2 – Applying your Homemade Insecticide – DCFRN Package 11, Item 7
2. Another aspect of this item is that it deals with a good use for waste materials that are often discarded and not used. There are other DCFRN items describing ways in which waste
materials can be put to good use. Information from some or all of them could well be used in a several-part series on good uses for waste materials. They are:
New Uses for Old Tires and Inner Tubes – DCFRN Package 4, Item 6
Converting Animal Draft Power to Mechanical Power – DCFRN Package 5, Item 9
A Small Homemade Hand Shovel – DCFRN Package 5, Item 9
Dried Coffee Pulp, Good Cattle Feed that Would Cost You Nothing – DCFRN Package 5, Item 9
Feeding Fish in Your Fish Pond – DCFRN Package 6, Item 1D
Fertilizer from Paddy Straw – DCFRN Package 6, Item 5
Watering Seedlings and Applying NO-COST Fertilizer – DCFRN Package 6, Item 6
Getting Rid of Mange or Scabies on Pigs – DCFRN Package 11, Item 10
No More Flat Tyres on Your Wagon or Cart – DCFRN Package 12, Item 4
Water Hyacinth, Good Low-Cost Animal Feed – DCFRN Package 13, Item 6
Good Low-Cost Fuel Made from Maize (Corn) Cobs, Part 1 – Preparation for Making It – DCFRN Package 13, Item 11
Good Low-Cost Fuel Made from Maize (Corn) Cobs, Part 2 – How to Make It – DCFRN Package 13, Item 12
A Glass Fish Trap – DCFRN Package 13, Item 13